THE MEDIEVAL CASTLE
inserted within the charming and historic town center of Dugenta, stands the castle, to plant low-medieval, rich in history and legendary tales that they see protagonist of some war events and fundamental strategic for the formation of the Neapolitan kingdom. It was donated by Charles I of Anjou to William of Belmonte in 1268, returning in this way in the so-called feudum in demanium, i.e. in capita, i.e. fief granted directly by the King or by the Curia. It was also recorded in notebooks of the Curia, hence the nickname of quaternatum feudum. At the time of Belmonte depended on the County of Caserta. Step subsequently to a certain Adam de Vasis and from these to Roberto D'Erville, as we read in the registers of the Angevin Registry, which he held until 1282. In 1287 step by Bertrando Artus. From 1289 to 1293 nor and owner Ludovico de Roheriis. As a result the castle suffered the fate of the County of Caserta, passing then to Caetani family in 1308. In 1310 step by Diego de la Rath and then to the Count Francesco, the June of 1329. The June 30, 1459 king Ferdinando d'Aragona confirm to John of the Ratta the Feudi di Caserta, Limatola and Dugenta, the castles of the valley, Frasso Telesino is Melizzano. The castle of Dugenta arose in a central position with respect to the territory of these countries, in defensive function of the Telesina Valley near the confluence of the heat in Volturno. The complex of the structure can be defined as the expression of military architecture: for the game of the volumes, the articulation of the internal spaces, the choice of the site, which has a massive tufa wall, which is the source from the stream S. Giorgio, on which it engages the walls facing South East. The castle of Dugenta had to be connected by means of "ideal aircraft bridges" with other fortresses that exchanged signals with smoked during the day and fireworks night, second real codes for the telecast of the news, in particular of the alarms.
During the long winter nights were, moreover, made numerous games. It has never been explored in all its parts, which makes it all the more mysterious with its pitfalls and dungeons that, according to the legend, putting in connection with the nearby castles of Limatola and Maddaloni.
Now of the old manor house only a few ruins remain, also due to the demolition made over the past few decades. You can appreciate, however, still the strokes originating in the curtain walls, ashlars almost regular yellow tuff and especially the high base shoe, which once ran around the factory and made the two noble floors practically unreachable from the outside. Currently is still visible even one of the four angular cylindrical towers.
At the entrance of the medieval castle of Dugenta, until 1980, had to be visible a slab with epigraph sepulchral reused, murata next to the door. The epigraph, in February 1980, has been lost during the collapse of part of the castle.
THE PALAZZO VANVITELLIANO
L the building, dating from the late Eighteenth Century, has undergone during the course of time a series of notable rehashes that have determined their current morphology. Developed on three sides of a large courtyard, where you see other buildings of recent construction, the monumental palace consists of a ground floor and a first floor, whose openings, partially changed in recent times, are decorated with a series of tympani mixtilineal enclosing a stucco decoration of fine workmanship. On the front right of the lobby, is located a stone well, partially covered, eighteenth century lines. From the courtyard, open on the premises of service on the ground floor, a scale, originally covered with cross vaults, leads to the apartments on the noble floor, consisting of large compartments covered at times. Always from courtyard to three caves of variable length, all dating from the XVIII century. These caves, built simultaneously with the entire building, were built in the tuff under direction of Vanvitelli in order to accommodate pig farms to use of the royal house. Everything was in thrall to the Royal Palace of Caserta. The same destination was given to the structure at the bottom of the yard for the planes having regard, while the noble floors were used as dwellings for the leaders of those holdings, as well as the rooms overlooking via Nazionale or Samnite. Subsequently, the structures were used as stables and as a refuge for citizens dugentesi on the occasion of war events of the last world war. Finally by various owners that have succeeded one another in time the caves were used as cellars until 1984. With the purchase of ing. A. Fucci, the structures were definitively intended to wine establishments with the creation of "cellars Vanvitelliana", which was producing the vintage wines (noesis red and charis white) intended for consumers in northern Italy for many years they have appreciated the goodness of the product of the samnite lands.
In addition to intrinsic merits, the building is of considerable interest urban being located opposite the ruins of the medieval castle of Dugenta, together with which contributes to qualify the urban fabric. The palace is now waiting for restructuring.